UGC-NET December 2020 and June 2021 Solved Questions with Explanations (11-20)

UGC-NET December 2020 & June 2021 Solved Questions with Explanations (11-20)

11. Identify open source library automation software:
(c) KOHA

Answer: (C)
Notes:LIBRARIAN is a commercial Library management software developed by CR2 Technologies Limited, Ahmedabad.

12. According to Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012, in case of Photographs, the term of copyright is revised to ___.

Answer: (D) Omitted
Notes: [Term of copyright in photographs.] Omitted by the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012 (27 of 2012), s. 13 (w.e.f. 21-6-2012).

13. Mobile App, "BARD" is meant for people with ___.

Answer: (D) Visual Impairment
Notes: Braille and Audio Reading Download (BARD) Mobile App is developed by National Library Service for Blind and Print Disabled, Library of Congress.

14. Arrange the following software according to their year of origin in chronological order:
(a) DSpace
(b) EPrints
(c) GSDL
(d) Omeka

Answer: (C)
Notes: GSDL (1996); EPrints (2000); DSpace (2002); Omeka (2008)

15. Arrange the following Public Libraries Acts according to their year of enactment in ascending order:
(a) Gujarat
(b) Chattisgarh
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Goa

Answer: (D)
Notes: Goa Public Library Act (1993); Gujarat Public Library Act (2001); Rajasthan Public Library Act (2006); Chhattisgarh Public Library Act (2008).

16. Which among the following is NOT a 'Process Theory' of motivation?

Answer: (A) Content theory
Notes: There are four major process theories: (1) operant conditioning theory, (2) equity theory, (3) goal-setting theory, and (4) expectancy theory.

17. An important Academic Social Networking site, 'ResearchGate' was founded by __.
(a) Ijad Madisch
(b) Soren Hofmayer
(c) Horst Fickenscher
(d) Brian Acton
(e) Jan Koum

Answer: (B)
Notes: ResearchGate is an academic social networking site for scientists and researchers to share papers, ask and answer questions, and find collaborators. It was first launched in 2008 by Ijad Madisch, Soren Hofmayer, and Horst Fickenscher, It started in Boston, Massachusetts (United States), and moved to Berlin, Germany, shortly afterwards.

18. A type of attack in which a person or program disguises itself as another person or program to gain access to some resource is called __.

Answer: (A) Masquerading
Notes: A spoofing or Masquerading attach is a situation in which a person or program successfully disguises as another by falsifying data, in order to gain an illegitimate advantage. In other words, Spoofing or Masquerading is when a cybercriminal disguises themselves as another person, business or entity in order to commit malicious acts.

19. "The structure of a classification system on the basis of materials to be classified rather than on purely theoretical considerations" is known as:

Answer: (B) Literary warrant
Notes: In Classification, the structure of a classification system on the basis of materials to be classified rather than on purely theoretical considerations is called Literary Warrant.Literary warrant means that an indexer or classifier has to provide adequate ground for the indexing, classifying in a literature.

20. Who was the founder of Project Gutenberg?

Answer: (D) Michael Hart
Notes: Project Gutenberg is the oldest digital library of e-books. It was founded in 1971 by Michael S. Hart.

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